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I-Battle Over yokusakaza nekusasa leCinema Lokho


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Alfonso Cuaron's amaRom (umthombo: Netflix)

Umkhonto usuvele usuvele. Ukungqubuzana kwama-titans okwakhiwa, ngezinsizakalo zokusakaza, ezimelelwe yi-Netflix, ngakolunye uhlangothi nombukiso wezemidlalo, omelelwe ukukhiqiza ifilimu Mogul Steven Spielberg, ngakolunye uhlangothi, akakaze kwenzeke.

Ngo-Ephreli 21, i-Academy ye-Motion Picture Arts neSayensi umemezele imithetho yabo ye-Oscars yonyaka ozayo futhi, naphezu kwezinguquko ezincane ezimbalwa (isigaba solimi lwangaphandle lwamazwe angaphandle sizobe sesikhethwe njengesigaba se-Best International Feature Film), imithetho mayelana nokuthi yini eyenza ifilimu ifaneleke ukucubungula, ingashintshi. (Spielberg, owake wabonisa ukuthi uzoya emhlanganweni we-Academy ukuze athole izindinganiso ezinzima zokucutshungulwa kwe-Oscars, waba yinto engekho-mdlalo, ecatshangwa ukuthi uyamatasa kakhulu nge-remake yakhe ezayo West Side Story.)

Ukungezwani phakathi kwezinhlangothi zombili kwavutha ngasekupheleni kukaFebhuwari kulonyaka lapho kubonakala sengathi u-Alfonso Cuaron's amaRom (okwakhiqizwa yi-Netflix) ingase ishaye ama-Award Academy ngemikhawulo ye-10, kufaka phakathi isithombe esihle kakhulu. Ukumangazwa ngabantu abambalwa kakhulu, kodwa, ukuthi u-Oscar wayemthanda waya esikhethweni esiphephile futhi esivamile, uPeter Farrelly Ibhuku elihlaza. (amaRom wenza ukunqoba i-Oscars ye-Best Director, i-Best Foreign Language Picture, ne-Best Cinematography, noma kunjalo). Kodwa ku-Spielberg (inkampani yakhe i-DreamWorks eyabesekela ngemali Ibhuku elihlaza) kanye namaketanga emidlalo yaseshashalazini, amaRomamathuba okuhamba noMklomelo Wezithombe Ezinhle kakhulu weza kakhulu ukuthola induduzo.

Enhliziyweni yezingxabano kwakuyi-Academy evumela izithombe ezenziwe ngemisebenzi yokusakaza njengoNetflix, Hulu, ne-Amazon ukuba kufanelekile ukuthola imiklomelo uma amafilimu abhekene nawo aboniswa ngokwemidlalo "esiteshini sokudlala esiteshini sokuhweba ngaphakathi e-Los Angeles I-County ... ukuze kube nokugijima okufanele okungenani izinsuku eziyisikhombisa ezilandelanayo, "ngaleyo ndlela idlulisela iwindi elincane elingu-90 lezintandokazi zengcweti ngaphambi kokuba isithombe sitholakale kumapulatifomu athile afana nokusakaza noma ividiyo yasekhaya.

Ngokweqiniso, i-Netflix inakho wazama ukwandisa ukwabiwa kwezemidlalo amafilimu amathathu atholakalayo kakhulu ngo-Okthoba we-2018. Banikela amaRom, abazalwane bakaConen ' I-Ballad ye-Buster Scruggs, noSusanne Bier Ibhokisi lezinyoni emaketangeni emidlalo yaseshashalazini okwesikhathi esithile kuya kwamasonto amathathu, kodwa nakuba ambalwa amakhetheni azimele azimisele, AMC noRegal, izintambo ezimbili ezinkulu, benqatshelwe ukuphuma ewindini lezinyanga ezintathu zendabuko.

U-Spielberg ushiye isikhala sakhe sokuvula ngokumelene nezinsizakalo zokusakaza ngoMashi 2018 ngesikhathi i-interview nezindaba ze-ITV. "Angikholelwa ukuthi amafilimu anikezwe iziqu ze-token nje, ezinkundleni ezimbalwa ezingaphansi kweviki, kufanele afanelekele Academy Award ukuphakanyiswa, "kusho uSpielberg. "Abakhiqizi befilimu abambalwa nabambalwa bayomzabalazela ukuthola imali, noma ukuncintisana ku-Sundance futhi mhlawumbe uthole elinye lamalebula okhethekile okuzokhipha amafilimu abo ngamazwi. Futhi eziningi zazo zizovumela amabhizinisi e-SVOD [Streaming Video On-Demand] asekele amafilimu awo, mhlawumbe ngesithembiso sefasitela elincane lamasonto elilodwa lokudlala ukuze afanelekele ukuthola imiklomelo. Kodwa, eqinisweni, uma uzinikezele kwifomethi yethelevishini, uyisimo se-movie se-TV. "(Amazwana angenangqondo ngokucabangela ukukhululwa kokuqala kwe-Spielberg I-Duel ekuqaleni kwakuyisiqephu se-1971 I-ABC Movie yeviki, kwandiswe ngemizuzu ye-15 yemifanekiso eyengeziwe.)

I-Spielberg iphindwe kabili kulezi zinsuku ngesonto ngaphambi komkhosi we-2019 Oscars inkulumo yokwamukela umklomelo we-Filmmaker kumiklomelo ye-CAS ye-Cinema Audio Society. "Ngithemba ukuthi sonke siyaqhubeka sikholelwa ukuthi iminikelo enkulu esingayenza njengabenzi befilimu ukunikeza izethameli isipiliyoni sesithombe semidlalo esihamba phambili. Ngiyakholwa ngokuqinile ukuthi imidlalo yeshashalazi kufanele ibe khona kuze kube phakade, "kusho uSpielberg. "Ngithanda ithelevishini. Ngithanda ithuba. Olunye lwemibhalo enkulu kakhulu eyenziwa namhlanje yile ithelevishini, enye yokuqondisa phambili ithelevishini, eminye yemisebenzi enhle kakhulu [ithelevishini namuhla]. Umsindo ungcono emakhaya kunanini ngaphambili emlandweni, kodwa akukho okufana nokuya embukisweni omkhulu omnyama nabantu ongakaze uhlangane ngaphambili futhi ube nokuhlanzwa okuhlangenwe nakho kuwe. Yilokho okuyikho sonke esikukholelwa ngempela. "

Ngemuva kwesonto ngemuva kwama-Oscars, iNetflix yangenela, ukuzivikela nge-March 3 Twitter okufunde kanje: "Sithanda i-cinema. Nazi ezinye izinto esizithandayo: Ukufinyelela kubantu abangakwazi ukuhlala njalo, noma bahlala emadolobheni ngaphandle kwama -aters. Ukuvumela wonke umuntu, yonke indawo ajabulele ukukhishwa ngesikhathi esifanayo. Ukunikeza abenzi befilimu izindlela eziningi zokwabelana ngobuciko. Lezi zinto azihambisani ngokukhethekile. "

Ngosuku olufanayo, umqondisi-umqondisi uPaul Schrader naye esilinganiselwe ekhasini lakhe le-Facebook. "Amamodeli wokusabalalisa aguquke. Umqondo wokucindezela abantu abangu-200 + endaweni engabonakalisiwe engabonakali ukuze kubonwe isithombe sokuqhakazila senziwe yimbukiso yezomnotho hhayi noma yikuphi umbono 'wezemidlalo' ... Isiphakamiso sami: Ama-cinemas ezinkampani (i-Alamo Draft House, i-Metrograph, iBurns Center, i-Film Forum) ukwakha ukusebenzisana ne-system ezimbili ezithandanayo (uhlelo lokuqala: Criterion / Mubi, isigaba sesibili: Netflix / Amazon). Amamodeli wokusabalalisa aphuma. Akuyona elula njengeyethabhu ngokusakaza. "

Ngokubikezela, le mpikiswano yaholela ekubuyiseleni kwe-intanethi ngokumelene ne-Spielberg, neqembu elihlukene libeka icala umenzi wefilimu wokuba i-dinosaur endala yangaphandle. Lezo zimpendulo zazibucayi, noma kunjalo, uma kuqhathaniswa noMashi 5 we-anyanisi ezithatha impikiswano, eya ngqo ngqo le nto embi yezingqungquthela ezingamanga: "Ukuphikisana ngokuthi inkonzo yokuhambisa ukusakaza ivimbele kakhulu abaqondisi ukudala isitsha se-saccharin, udoti olungenalo i-artisti, uSteven Spielberg ugxeke iNetflix ngoLwesibili ngokubhubhisa iminyaka yegolide yokugubha amafilimu amakhulu amabhajethi akhiqizwa abezindaba. 'Sasihlala enkathini enhle kakhulu ye-blockbusters enesibindi esithintekayo lapho, ngokuzumayo, i-Netflix ifika futhi ihlaziya yonke into ngokunikeza isikhulumi kubaqondisi abangaphansi kwamandla futhi isiza ukuxhuma izethameli emhlabeni wonke ekuthathweni kwezinhlekelele, amafilimu e-idiosyncratic angeke abe eyenziwe yi-studio enkulu, "kusho umqondisi we Isidlali esilungile esisodwa futhi Jurassic Park, ukuthungatha isevisi yokusakaza ukuxoshwa kwezinsuku ze-halcyon ezisezingeni eliphansi kakhulu elivamile elibonisa ukuthi ababukeli babengekho isikweletu futhi bavele nje bavame ukungena ngaphansi kwazo. "

Khona-ke, njengokungathi izinto azikwazanga ukuthola ngaphezulu kwe-convoluted, uMnyango Wezobulungiswa wase-United States, wanquma ukungena esenzweni. Kwi March 21 e-mail ku-CEO ye-Academy UDawn Hudson, oyinhloko ye-DOJ's antiitrust division uMakan Delrahim waxwayisa: "Uma kwenzeka ukuthi inhlangano ye-Academy¾an ehlanganisa abaqhudelana abaningi kubulungu bayo ibeka izidingo ezithile zokufaneleka ze-Oscars eziqeda ukuncintisana ngaphandle kokulungiswa, ukuziphatha okunjalo kungabangela ukukhathazeka okungaqiniseki ... Uma I-Academy yenza isimiso esisha sokukhipha izinhlobo ezithile zamafilimu, njengamafilimu asakazwa ngezinsizakalo zokusakaza nge-inthanethi, kusukela ekufanelekeni kwe-Oscars ... leyo mithetho ingaphula iSigaba 1 [se-Sherman Act]. "

Ngemuva kwezinsuku ezimbili i-Academy yamemezela isinqumo sayo, uSpielberg ubonakala ehamba emuva kwesinye sezimpendulo zakhe. Ku-an isihloko e-New York Times, "Abantu ababili abaseduze no- [Spielberg], owakhuluma ngesimo sokungaziwa ukuthi balondoloze ubuhlobo babo" bathi umenzi wefilimuAmazwi kaNkulunku- lu kulokhu ayengasetshenzisiwe nokuthi wayengenayo i-animus ku-Netflix. Inkinga yakhe yangempela yayibizwa ngokuthi iyinselele yezintambo zemidlalo yaseshashalazini. Eqinisweni, ngokusho kwalesi sihloko, inyanga ngaphambi kwe-Oscars, uSpielberg wabuza i-AMC noRegal ukuba bacabangele ukubhuka amaRom, naphezu kokutholakala kwe-inthanethi, kodwa bayinikeza umenzi wefilimu ukuphika okufanayo abaye banikeze iNetflix ngonyaka odlule.

I-athikili efanayo yacaphuna uSpielberg ethi, "Ngifuna abantu bathole ukuzijabulisa kwabo nganoma yiluphi uhlobo noma imfashini evumelana nabo. Isikrini esikhulu, isikrini esincane • okubaluleke ngempela kimi indaba enkulu futhi wonke umuntu kufanele abe nokufinyelela ezindabeni ezinhle. Kodwa-ke, ngizizwa abantu kudingeka babe nethuba lokushiya ephephile futhi bazijwayele ukuphila kwabo futhi baye endaweni lapho bangahlala khona nabanye abantu futhi bahlangane ndawonye-bahlekanye ndawonye, ​​besabe, besabe- uma sekuphelile, bangase bazizwe bephansi kunabantu abangabazi. Ngifuna ukubona ukusinda kwama-movie eseshashalazi. Ngifuna ukuthi isipiliyoni sezemidlalo sihlale sihambisana nesiko lethu. "

Ngakho i-kafuffle ihlezi phansi ... okwamanje. Okwamanje, zonke izinhlangothi ezihlukahlukene zizogxila Izithombe ezimbili ezilandelayo zikaMartin Scorsese, zombili zazo ezibhalwe yi-Netflix. Eyokuqala, idokhumenti ebizwa ngegama Ukubukeza Ukuduma Kwezulu: Bob Dylan Indaba kaMartin Scorsese uzonikezwa ukukhululwa kwemidlalo engalinganiselwe ngalokhu kuJuni. Isithombe sesibili I-Irishman, Ukubuya kukaScorsese kuhlobo lwe-gangster eceleni kwemigqa yakhe yangaphambili Goodfellas, Casino, Futhi asebesishiyile, usuqalile ukulindela ukuba kube ngumnikelo ofanelwe we-Netflix olandelayo. Ngesikhathi sokugubha iminyaka engu-Ephreli 29 50th ye-Film Society eLincoln Centre, Scorsese wakhuluma ngalesi simo. "Ufanele unike [i-Academy] ikhefu, ngoba liyizwe elisha," umlindi umenzi wefilimu utshele uVanity Fair. "Bayaziqeda. Ngifuna abantu babe nesineke nabo, ngoba kudingeka bazame izinto ezehlukene ... ziphikisana, ngoba kukwenza ucabange ukuthi, 'Iyini ifilimu? Futhi kufanele kufakwe kanjani ifilimu, ikakhulukazi ezweni elisha? ' Ngicabanga ukuthi amakhadi ahlanganiswe ngesabelomali esikhulu, futhi leyo yinkinga. "(Ukuze irekhodi, i-Netflix ibonise ukuthi izonikeza I-Irishman ukukhululwa kwezemidlalo okubanzi kunalokho okwakunikeziwe amaRom.)


Qaphela
Doug Krentzlin

Doug Krentzlin

Umlobi at Broadcast Beat
U-Doug Krentzlin ungumlingisi, umlobi, nefilimu & isazi-mlando se-TV esihlala eSilver Spring, MD kanye namakati akhe uPherher no-Miss Kitty.
Doug Krentzlin